Week 6: File Sharing and Property in the age of the internet


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Photo credit: http://www.media.com

Hi everyone and welcome this weeks blog post. this week I will be discussing File Sharing and Property in the age of the internet.

So what is file sharing?


File sharing is the public or private sharing of computer data or space in a network with various levels of acess privilege. While files can easily be shared outside a network (for example, simply by handing or mailing someone your file on a diskette), the term file sharing almost always means sharing files in a network, even if in a small local area network. File

Photo Credit: Neuxo

sharing allows a number of people to use the same file or file by some combination of being able to read or view it, write to or modify it, copy it, or print it. Typically, a file sharing system has one or more administrators. Users may all have the same or may have different levels of access privilege. File sharing can also mean having an allocated amount of personal file storage in a common file system.


In the past fifteen years, file sharing of digital cultural works between individuals has been at the center of a number of debates on the future of culture itself as we discussed in class. To some, sharing constitutes piracy, to be fought against and eradicated. Others see it as unavoidable, and table proposals to compensate for its harmful effects. Meanwhile, little progress has been made towards addressing the real challenges facing culture in a digital world today.

So where does sharing start I hear you ask? 

Sharing starts from a radically different viewpoint, namely that the non-market sharing of digital works is both legitimate and useful. It supports this pr

Photo Credit: Digital Jet Stream

mise with empirical research, demonstrating that non-market sharing leads to more diversity
in the attention given to various works. Taking stock of what we have learnt about the cultural economy in recent years, Sharing sets out the conditions necessary for valuable cultural functions to remain sustainable in this context.

 Pirate Party


Photo Credit: Party Stuff 4U

In the digital age, piracy is rife on the high seas of the internet. Copyright infringement takes place daily on a massive scale. Vast libraries of music, films and television are available within
minutes and completely free of charge.
This is truly one of the most important cultural revolutions of recent times. Yet, it is also argued that file-sharing has become so prominent that entertainment industries are facing a catastrophe which will destroy them.

In my opinion with the fast change and accessibility in Technology, this has has stretched the ambit of copyright law to breaking point, with many arguing that the current model of copyright law is not fit for purpose. Others argue that it is the enforcement of copyright law which needs to be strengthened; by giving rights holders more tools to prevent infringement in the digital arena.


Thank you for taking the time to Read my blog pos, tune in next week as I hope to discuss ‘ Gaming, third places and meta reality spaces’ Please feel free to leave any comments you may have, bye for now 🙂 




Week 7/8: Games, third places, meta reality spaces and how the marketplace has changed


Photo Credit: GameSpot.com

Hi everyone and welcome to this week’s blog post about gaming, third places, meta reality spaces and how the market changed, I have combined two weeks work here together.


“You can describe anything as a game. A court of law is a game. An election cycle is a game. Life itself is a game.” –  Jeff Hull, creator of the Jejune Institute and its world.

So what is gaming?

The business Dictionary describes gaming as  A Technique in which a group attempts to create

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(simulate) the essential features of a real-world situation of conflict such as a negotiation, court case, or war. The group is divided into subgroups which represent contesting parties and
where individuals play the role of rivals. Used in business schools, law schools, and military, gaming aims to detect and understand the dynamics of particular situations

Virtual Reality 

Photo Credit: Maker Faire Rome

Virtual Reality is the use of computer technology to create a simulated environment. Unlike traditional user interfaces, VR places the user inside an experience. Instead of viewing a screen in front of them, users are immersed and able to interact with 3D worlds. By simulating as many senses as possible, such as vision, hearing, touch, even smell , the computer is transformed into a gatekeeper to this artificial world. The only limits to near-real VR experiences are the availability of content and cheap computing power.


Social Meta Reality theatre

While researching for this blog post I came across a very interesting article in the english business post.  Allison Crank, a British film-maker who has just completed her thesis in Contextual Design at Eindhoven has turned her attention to eCommerce (The Reality Theatre)  and the possible impact VR will have.  Allison Crank  looks at bricks and mortar retail through the prism of sociologists concept of ‘third place” (“inclusively sociable places” ) a concept made popular by sociologist Ray Oldenburg.  She writes how with the growth of eCommerce bricks and mortar retail is in danger of becoming obsolete. eCommerce at the moment lacks the social element (for example shopping with friends) and ‘theatre’ present in bricks and mortar retail but with virtual reality (VR) there is now an opportunity for the social aspect (multiplayer online shopping) to be brought into eCommerce and in turn for online retail to become  a “third place”.


Third Places –  Massively Multiplayer Online Games (MMOGs)

MOGs are graphical 2- or 3-D video games played online, allowing individuals, through their self-created digital characters or “avatars,” to interact not only with the gaming software (the designed environment of the game and the computer-controlled characters within it) but with

Photo Credit: Smite

other players as well. The virtual worlds that today’s MMOGamers routinely plug in and inhabit are persistent social and material worlds, loosely structured by open-ended (fantasy) narratives, where players are largely free to do as they please – combate and create and lots more.  The online gaming industry continues to prosper with nearly six million subscribers worldwide. Here is a really cool example of a 3D game known as MindCraft game where you literally can make and Create anything!


How had the Market changed

Lastly to finish, so how has the market changed in the gaming industry? for 30 years the games industry worked in a certain way. People rented offices and set up studios to create games; they employed staff to work in-house, then got those projects funded and distributed by publishers. Meanwhile, in the background, the business worked to the seven-year cycles dictated by the lifespan of the major consoles. It was a machine of discrete components. But that machine is rusting and falling apart. Something new is coming. It started 10 years ago. The dawn of the broadband internet era gradually allowed developers to distribute their games digitally, rather than as boxed copies, immediately cutting manufacturing and distribution costs out of their budgets. The arrival of the Apple iPhone created a stable marketplace for the previously chaotic mobile gaming sector, the release of new development applications like Unity, GameMaker and Twine meant that people didn’t need to know how to code to make games, or spend months – even years – developing their own graphics engines.



The result is an industry that works in a radically different way than it did a decade ago. We are no seeing this at every level. Take console manufacturing for a start. Until this generation, console makers stuck with one architecture for the lifespan of their current machine, maybe altering the form-factor or HDD size, or adding new features but rarely tinkering with the processing capacity. Now, both Sony and Microsoft are likely to announce mid-lifecycle upgrades to their machines. The rumoured PlayStation 4 Neo should add CPU and GPU power to cope with virtual reality and 4K screens; Xbox One is likely to evolve closer to the PC so that it can run the Universal Windows applications that may unite computer and console gamers. The seven-year lifecycle may be over.





Thank you for taking the time to read this blog post, please feel free to add any comments you may have! tune in next week where I discuss the digital divide in the world today, bye for now 🙂